What Is Motivation?
Motivation is that the word derived from the word ’motive’ which suggests needs, desires, wants or drives within the individuals. it’s the method of stimulating people to actions to accomplish the goals. within the work goal context the psychological factors stimulating the people’s behaviour are often –
desire for money
team work, etc
One of the foremost important functions of management is to make willingness amongst the workers to perform within the better of their abilities. Therefore the role of a pacesetter is to arouse interest in performance of employees in their jobs. the method of motivation consists of three stages:-
A felt need or drive A stimulus during which needs need to be aroused When needs are satisfied, the satisfaction or accomplishment of goals.
Therefore, we can say that motivation is a psychological phenomenon which means needs and wants of the individuals have to be tackled by framing an incentive plan.
There are variety of various proposed theories to elucidate intrinsic motivation and the way it works. Some experts believe that each one behavior is driven by external reward, like money, status, or food. In intrinsically motivated behaviors, the reward is that the activity itself.
The most recognized theory of intrinsic motivation was first supported people’s needs and drives. Hunger, thirst, and sex are biological needs that we’re driven to pursue so as to measure and be healthy.
Just like these biological needs, people even have psychological needs that has got to be satisfied so as to develop and thrive. These include the necessity for competence, autonomy, and relatedness.
Along with satisfying these underlying psychological needs, intrinsic motivation also involves seeking out and interesting in activities that we discover challenging, interesting, and internally rewarding without the prospect of any external reward.
Some examples of intrinsic motivation are:
- participating in a sport because it’s fun and you enjoy it rather than doing it to win an award
- learning a new language because you like experiencing new things, not because your job requires it
- spending time with someone because you enjoy their company and not because they can further your social standing
- cleaning because you enjoy a tidy space rather than doing it to avoid making your spouse angry
- playing cards because you enjoy the challenge instead of playing to win money
- exercising because you enjoy physically challenging your body instead of doing it to lose weight or fit into an outfit
- volunteering because you feel content and fulfilled rather than needing it to meet a school or work requirement
Extrinsic motivation is reward-driven behavior. It’s a kind of conditioning . conditioning may be a sort of behavior therapy that uses rewards or punishments to extend or decrease the likelihood that specific behaviors will recur.
In extrinsic motivation, rewards or other incentives — like praise, fame, or money — are used as motivation for specific activities. Unlike intrinsic motivation, external factors drive this type of motivation.
Being paid to try to to employment is an example of extrinsic motivation. you’ll enjoy spending your day doing something aside from work, but you’re motivated to travel to figure because you would like a paycheck to pay your bills. during this example, you’re extrinsically motivated by the power to afford your daily expenses. In return, you’re employed a group number of hours every week to receive pay.
Extrinsic motivation doesn’t always have a tangible reward. It also can be done through abstract rewards, like praise and fame.
Examples of external extrinsic rewards include:
- competing in sports for trophies
- completing work for money
- customer loyalty discounts
- buy one, get one free sales
- frequent flyer rewards
Examples of psychological extrinsic rewards include:
- helping people for praise from friends or family
- doing work for attention, either positive or negative
- doing tasks for public acclaim or fame
- doing tasks to avoid judgment
- completing coursework for grades
Differences of Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation:
Participating in a sport to win awards
Cleaning your room to avoid being reprimanded by your parents
Competing in a contest to win a scholarship
Studying because you want to get a good grade
Participating in a sport because you find the activity enjoyable
Cleaning your room because you like tidying up
Solving a word puzzle because you find the challenge fun and exciting
Studying a subject you find fascinating